Translations into English



Among several studies presented, one caused controversy among theparticipants."The unconstitutionality of the Turnpike," developed by the 9th semester student of law at the Catholic University of Pelotas (UCPel) Márcia dos Santos Silva shocked, impressed and advised those present.The 22 year-old made the "fundamental right to come and go" on the roads ofBrazil.She, who lives in Southern mind that the Rio Grande to come present your work in Congress, did not pay toll and, in turn, would do thesame.Causing surprise among the participants, it based its actions duringthe presentation.Marcia explained that the Constitution of 1988, Title II of the "Fundamental Rights and Guarantees, Article 5 reads:" All are equal before the law, without distinction whatsoever, guaranteeing Brazilians and alien residents in country the inviolable right to life, liberty, equality, safety and property. "And in subparagraph of Article XV, "is free movement within the national territory in peacetime, and any person may, by law, enter it, remain or leave it with his belongings."Young adds that "the right to come and go is immutable clause in the Constitution, which means that you can not violate that right.And though all Brazilians have free access throughout the national territory.This also means that the toll goes against the constitution. "According to Marcia, the roads are not salable.And what happens is that toll concessionaires holds contracts with the state government to invest in improving these highways and charge tolls to repay the
spending.However, in the amount of gasoline tax is included
Contribution for Intervention in the Economic Domain (Cide), and part of it is earmarked for roads. "At that fuels my car, am paying the toll.It is notnecessary for me to pay again.Just want to exercise my right, the road is a public good and not fair I pay for a good that is already mine too, "emphasizes the student said ways and showed a video that taught us to pass without paying toll."Or you can go behind a car that has stopped.Or is straightforward. The gate, which bars the cars is plastic, not break, and when the car goes through there it opens.There is no danger and does not scratch the car, "she says, who says do it wherever you go.After the presentation, questions were not lacking. Who attended was curious as to whether the act would not be breaking any laws and could generate a fine, or if whoever did it would not be destroying the heritage of others.The answers were clear Marcia said, legally there is no law allowing the use of toll roads in Brazil.As for being an alien heritage, the fact, she explains, is that the toll gate and are on the way where cars have to pass and even then, she never saw or toll gates are damaged.Marcia also note that once was stopped by highway police, and a guard said he would accompany her to pay the toll."I asked the officer if he paid some service to the utility or the state.After all, a Highway Patrol officer working for the state or the federal government and must take care of road safety.Already the company toll is private, ie has nothing to do one thing with another, "he adds.She argues that prices are equal to low-income people, who have smaller cars, and who has a greater purchasing power and better automobiles, saying that many people do not have conditions to spend as much on tolls.It also ensures that the state is denying the right of society."There is nothing to defend or explain. The constitution is clear in saying that we all have the right to come and go on all roads in the national territory, "he concludes.The student presents the work ofcompletion in November 2007 and graduated in August 2008.She does not know yet what area of law you want to follow, but ensures that he will continue working and advocating the cause of the tolls.